This appears when stimulus from specific groups of bacteria in the mouth can lead to an abnormal immune response in the gum. The combination of this response and toxins from these bacteria leads to an irreversible loss of attachment between the tooth and the bone of the jaw.
The signs of Periodontal Disease
One of the most important things to know about Periodontal Disease is that it can be completely symptom free. The disease process tends to follow an intermittent path over many years and often a person is entirely unaware that they are affected until the disease has reached a more advanced stage.
People who have Periodontal Disease can notice bleeding gingiva while brushing or flossing, as well as loose or separated teeth. Late stage of Periodontal Disease can cause other symptoms such as exposing the roots, teeth drifting and also pus around the teeth or gingival tissues.
That is why regular dental check-ups are important so that Periodontal Disease and other dental diseases can be identified and treated in their earliest stages.
Stage of treatment
Cleaning removes the majority of excess tartar and plaque build-up from the teeth and as far below the gum line, the patient can bear this without the use of anaesthesia. A full mouth debridement lets the gums begin healing, while allowing the hygienist to perform a more accurate periodontal exam.
Subgingival curettage is the smoothing of the tooth root surfaces and consists of a deep dental cleaning that effectively removes the tartar, plaque and bacteria build-up from below the gum line and inside formed pockets. Subgingival curettage is often the treatment of choice for more severe cases of periodontal disease.
Once periodontal disease has been successfully treated, together, you and your hygienist can set a periodontal maintenance care plan that best fits your needs.
A periodontal maintenance care plan is important to prevent the re-occurrence of periodontal disease and ensures you keep your healthy smile for a lifetime!
3)Periodontal Flap Surgery
Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Wisdom tooth extraction is also known as third molar extraction. These teeth consist of the mandibular and maxillary third molars;
they usually appear between the age of 17 and 25. They are called wisdom teeth because they usually come in when a person is between age 17 and 25 or older-old enough to have supposedly gained some wisdom. Preventative extractions of them could cause some potential dental problems later in life.
Due to the position of the wisdom teeth in many people they do not fully emerge into the mouth but can become impacted against the next molar against the bone of the jaw.
If there is some pathology associated with it, they should be removed.